Each journal, depending on its size and capacity, works with other associates and scholars to advance its objects. According to the hierarchy of editing, after the chief-in-editor, the Associate editor is who, by delegating certain tasks, follows up the affairs of the journal. Associate editors can usually help chief-in-editors, depending on their expertise or characteristics (such as country of origin or interest variables), and have assignments resembling suggesting the right reviewer, highlighting topics for call paper, writing short articles for issues, and advising authors on the content of articles.
The journal may decide to have a unique editor for each section. For example, manuscripts in the field of the methodology are directly the responsibility of an expert editor to answer to the authors. Due to a large number of manuscripts and various specialties, each journal forms an editorial board that, with their advice and guidance, helps the editor in choosing the right ones. Editorial members are also the link between authors and the journal and can make a significant contribution to introducing the journal to other researchers. They identify “hot topics” and transfer useful information and feedback from the outside to the journal.
In addition to these members, some editors work at another level, such as copy (or manuscript) editors who are responsible for arranging articles according to the standard of each journal and web editors who are responsible for arranging papers on the journal site.